Low platelet count, known as thrombocytopenia, can be caused by various factors. Some of the most common causes include:

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Conditions such as immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys platelets, leading to a decrease in their count in the bloodstream.

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Immune System Disorders

Viral infections, such as hepatitis C, HIV, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and cytomegalovirus (CMV),can lead to decreased platelet production or increased destruction.

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Viral Infections

Diseases that affect the bone marrow, such as leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, and a plastic anemia, can disrupt the production of platelets, leading to low platelet counts.

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Bone Marrow Issues

Insufficient intake of essential nutrients for platelet production, such as vitamin B12 and folate, can contribute to thrombocytopenia.

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Nutritional Deficiencies

Excessive alcohol intake may inhibit platelet production in the bone marrow.

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Alcohol Consumption

Certain chronic conditions, such as chronic liver disease, kidney disease, and autoimmune disorders,can affect platelet counts.

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Certain Chronic Conditions