Prostate enlargement, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), occurs mainly due to age-related changes in the male hormone levels, particularly the balance between testosterone and estrogen. The specific cause isn't entirely clear, but several factors can contribute:

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As men age, there's an increase in the production of dihydro testosterone (DHT), a potent form of testosterone. Changes in the ratio of testosterone to DHT might contribute to prostate enlargement.

Hormonal Changes

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Over time, the cells in the central portion of the prostate gland may begin to multiply, leading to an increase in the size of the gland. This proliferation can lead to compression of the urethra and subsequent urinary symptoms.

Cell Growth

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Family history can play a role. If other men in your family have had BPH, you might be at a higher risk.

Genetics

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Obesity, lack of physical activity, and certain dietary habits might contribute to the risk of BPH.

Lifestyle Factors

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Some medical conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease, might be associated with an increased risk of prostate enlargement.

Medical Conditions

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